Review the tax benefits announced in the March 2021 Budget
Monday 8 March, 2021
On 3 March 2021, the Chancellor, Rishi Sunak, delivered the delayed November 2020 Budget. While he announced that a number of reliefs and allowances will be frozen for the 2021/22 tax year, there were no immediate changes to current personal tax allowances* and reliefs that are available for the final period of the current tax year. Please get in touch to take advantage of one or more of the following:
- The tax-free personal allowance of £12,500 remains.
- Basic rate tax of 20% will be payable on income above the tax-free allowance and up to the higher rate threshold of £50,000.
- Additional rate income tax is payable at 45% on income above £150,000.
- If you are married or in a civil partnership, you may be able to save money by structuring your finances as a couple to ensure you are using both spouse’s tax allowances. This could be an especially good idea if one spouse pays tax at a lower rate than the other.
- The Junior ISA allowance is £9,000 for children under 18.
- The adult ISA allowance of £20,000 is available.
- If you are 16 or 17 this tax year (or have children of these ages), they can benefit from both the Junior ISA allowance and adult ISA allowance (cash only).
- Saving into a pension comes with great tax benefits. For a start, investments in your pension are free from Income Tax and Capital Gains Tax. Pension contributions up to your annual allowance will also receive an automatic 20% top-up from the taxman, and higher-rate and additional-rate taxpayers can claim back another 20% or 25% through their Self-Assessment.
- Because of these generous tax rules, there is a limit to the amount you can pay into your pension. Each year, you can contribute as much money as you earn, usually up to £40,000 (although this tapers down to £4,000 for higher earners).
- If you have not used your annual allowance in the last three years, you may also be able to make extra contributions by using carry forward.
- Minimum pension contributions (paid by employers and employees) through auto-enrolment remain 8% (3% employer and 5% employee) of band earnings.
- The lower limit of the qualifying earnings band is £6,240. This means the first £6,240 of an individual’s earnings don’t count towards auto enrolment contributions. The upper limit is £50,000.
- The Lifetime Allowance for pension savings is £1,073,100.
- The State Pension if you have the full allowance is £175.20 a week.
Other Savings Allowances
- The Personal Savings Allowance, which gives you tax-free savings interest, is £1,000 for basic rate tax-payers. This reduces to £500 for higher rate tax-payers and additional rate tax payers do not get any allowance.
- The tax-free Dividend Allowance is £2,000 (although dividends received by pension funds and ISAs remain tax-free).
Venture Capital Trusts and Enterprise Investment Schemes
- Although only suitable for individuals with a higher appetite for risk, you can invest up to £200,000 in Venture Capital Trusts and get up to 30% income tax relief.
- Similarly, the taxation of Enterprise Investment Schemes means you can invest up to £1 million and claim up to 30% income tax relief.
- Each tax year you can make a range of tax-free gifts. These leave your estate immediately and won’t be taken into account when calculating your Inheritance Tax bill.
- All gifts to your husband, wife or civil partner (as long as the UK is their permanent home).
- Gifts of up to £3,000 each tax year, which can be carried over one year for a total of £6,000. This is useful if you did not use it in the 2019/20 tax year.
- Unlimited individual gifts of up to £250 per person.
- Wedding gifts of up to £5,000 for a child, £2,500 for a grandchild or great-grandchild, or £1,000 to anybody else.
- Unlimited payments towards the living costs of a child, elderly dependant or ex-spouse.
- Unlimited gifts from surplus income that won’t affect your standard of living.
- The Residence Nil Rate Band is £175,000.
- This can be added to the £325,000 Inheritance Tax allowance when a direct descendant inherits someone’s main house.
Capital Gains Tax
- The Capital Gains Tax allowance is £12,300.
- Married couples and civil partners will continue to be able to combine their annual allowances.
- Landlords are no longer able to offset their mortgage interest payments against their rental income.
- There is now only a 20% tax credit saving from a landlord’s mortgage interest.
Vishal Gulrajani, Financial Adviser in Cheshunt, Hertfordshire said:
‘There were relatively few changes announced relating to tax benefits in the recent budget. There was a freezing of the Pensions Lifetime Allowance, the Inheritance Tax Nil Rate bands and the CGT annual exemption from next tax year. However, there were no changes to the ISA allowances so if you are over 18 you have a £20,000 allowance you can use. There were no changes to pension tax relief so you can maximise your pension contribution and use carry forward. You could also review the income tax personal allowance and transfer any unused allowances where possible. You are also entitled to a Capital Gains Tax annual exemption of £12,300 and inheritance tax gifting allowances. We encourage all Thomas Oliver clients to review their financial planning before the end of this tax year, on April 5th. If you haven’t used all your allowances for the 2020/21 tax year and would like financial advice from our Thomas Oliver financial planning team, please contact your financial planner on 01707 872000.’
*This information is based on our current understanding of the rules for the 2020-21 tax year. HM Revenue and Customs practice and the law relating to taxation are complex and subject to individual circumstances and changes which cannot be foreseen. The value of investments and any income from them can go down as well as up and you may not get back the original amount invested.